Written by GoMentor
What is psychotherapy?
Psychotherapy is a general term for various types of therapy, typically with repeated sessions. This form of therapy focuses mainly on individuals with mental problems. Common to all forms of psychotherapy is the idea that the client can gain insight into their own freedom of thoughts and behavioural patterns and thereby change the mindset that is causing the problems. These are often problems with anxiety, depression, life crises, sexual problems, relationship problems and eating disorders. Psychotherapy is practised in many different forms and may have related forms of assistance such as psychological counselling or coaching. In psychotherapy the purpose is often more focused on deeper-reaching changes in the person's life.
Different types of psychotherapy
- Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic therapy - This form of therapy emphasises unconscious conflicts typically rooted in childhood and then close relations. In its classic form, psychoanalysis has a duration of several years where the client will build up insight into the causes of their own feelings and behaviour progressively.
- Cognitive therapy - This form of therapy is mainly used by psychotherapists and psychologists and focuses on changing the way you are used to thinking - often with the purpose to get more positive and optimistic thoughts rather than self-destructive and negative thought patterns. The method is to focus on our feelings and behaviours, and how much they are controlled by ours thoughts.
- Experiential therapy - This form of therapy emphasises experiencing and expressing repressed feelings, reactions and has a focus on an equitable relationship between the therapist and the client. Experience-oriented psychotherapy has roots in gestalt therapy where the therapist is using the whole body and mind during the therapy by confronting the client verbally and expressing his or her feelings to the client. This therapy is suitable for those who want to develop themselves personally or who have mild mental problems.
- Systemic therapy - This form of therapy emphasises on relationships and the implied agreements that takes place between people. Systemic therapy is considered as psychological difficulties in a whole system interaction (eg. the way a particular family works) rather than anything related to the person exhibiting the symptoms. This method was originally developed for family and couples therapy but can also be practiced as individual therapy.
- Body therapy - This form of therapy focuses on the whole body and how you can experience and feel it. You will learn about your body signals and what they are trying to tell you. Body therapy strengthens the connection to yourself and is especially beneficial in periods of stress, changes and exhaustion. You come into direct contact with your feelings, reactions and imbalances.
- Existential therapy - This form of therapy emphasizes the human condition as a whole. Existential psychotherapy uses a positive approach that applauds human capacities and aspirations while simultaneously acknowledging human limitations.
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